Original Article
JBCGenetics. 2022; 5(2):

Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases

Authors: Ghaliah Alnefaie, Atheer Alfuhayd, Majed Bahader, Razan Alhumyani, Abdulhameed Sarriyah, Atheer Alshanbari, Kholood Althobaiti.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069

Abstract

Background: Diseases have a genetic basis, wherein changes in the human deoxyribonucleic acid and variances in its activities, which the environment may influence, contribute to disease processes. The risk of developing a disease is higher for people with genetic susceptibility when other risk factors such as lifestyle and environmental factors are present besides genetic change. The Taif community’s attitudes toward genomes and their awareness are not well documented. The study aimed to assess the knowledge and awareness about genomes among Taif residents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 361 participants residing in Taif city, Saudi Arabia, using a pretested questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire collected participants’ sociodemographic information and the second part measured the awareness and knowledge related to genetics and diseases. Results: All responses were subjected to statistical analysis. Among the studied subjects, 6.6% of the participants demonstrated good knowledge of genetics and diseases and 45.7% had poor knowledge. 95.6% were aware of health problems caused by a combined effect of genetics, environment, and lifestyle; 83.7% agreed that genes play a role in disease processes; and 92.8% agreed that individuals with a family history of a particular disease could benefit from undergoing a genetic test for that disease. Conclusion: The study participants had inadequate knowledge, suggesting that more effort is required to educate them about the advantages and limitations of genetic testing on a social and personal level to ensure that people make well-informed decisions. The Saudi genome program is one among such programs targeting at educating the community.

Keywords:   Genome, Awareness, Taif Community, Genetic Diseases, Knowledge


© Copyright: Author(s)

Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases


Authors
Ghaliah Alnefaie
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Atheer Alfuhayd
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Majed Bahader
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Razan Alhumyani
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulhameed Sarriyah
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Atheer Alshanbari
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
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Kholood Althobaiti
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Ghaliah Obaid Alnefaie, Department of Pathology, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia.; ghalia70@windowslive.com

Publication history
Received 16 Mar 2022
Revised 15 Apr 2022
Accepted 24 Apr 2022
Published online 12 May 2022

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Alnefaie G, Alfuhayd A, Bahader M, Alhumyani R, Sarriyah A, Alshanbari A, Althobaiti K. Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. JBCGenetics. Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


Web Style

Alnefaie G, Alfuhayd A, Bahader M, Alhumyani R, Sarriyah A, Alshanbari A, Althobaiti K. Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. https://www.jbcgenetics.com//?mno=102502 [Access: October 02, 2022]. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alnefaie G, Alfuhayd A, Bahader M, Alhumyani R, Sarriyah A, Alshanbari A, Althobaiti K. Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. JBCGenetics. Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alnefaie G, Alfuhayd A, Bahader M, Alhumyani R, Sarriyah A, Alshanbari A, Althobaiti K. Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. JBCGenetics, [cited October 02, 2022]; Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


Harvard Style

Alnefaie, G., Alfuhayd, . A., Bahader, . M., Alhumyani, . R., Sarriyah, . A., Alshanbari, . A. & Althobaiti, . K. (2022) Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. JBCGenetics, Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


Turabian Style

Alnefaie, Ghaliah, Atheer Alfuhayd, Majed Bahader, Razan Alhumyani, Abdulhameed Sarriyah, Atheer Alshanbari, and Kholood Althobaiti. 2022. Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics, Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


Chicago Style

Alnefaie, Ghaliah, Atheer Alfuhayd, Majed Bahader, Razan Alhumyani, Abdulhameed Sarriyah, Atheer Alshanbari, and Kholood Althobaiti. "Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases." Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alnefaie, Ghaliah, Atheer Alfuhayd, Majed Bahader, Razan Alhumyani, Abdulhameed Sarriyah, Atheer Alshanbari, and Kholood Althobaiti. "Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases." Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics Online First: 12 May, 2022. Web. 02 Oct 2022 doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alnefaie, G., Alfuhayd, . A., Bahader, . M., Alhumyani, . R., Sarriyah, . A., Alshanbari, . A. & Althobaiti, . K. (2022) Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Taif community about genetic diseases. Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics, Online First: 12 May, 2022. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1647436069


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