Original Article
JBCGenetics. 2021; 4(2): 85-92

Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulmajeed Fahad Alrefaei, Ahmed B. Ashoor, Ibrahim S. Alzahrani, Ibrahim Y. Tarbiyyah, Muath Alrehily, Rayyan S. Alharbi, Sameer H. Qari.

View PDF HTML Fulltext DOI: 10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653

Abstract

Background: Genetic diseases result from gene mutations that disrupt the function of body systems, and most of them cannot be treated. Genetic diseases are a serious issue responsible for severe economic, emotional, and health impacts on patients and their families. In Saudi Arabia, consanguineous marriage is common, leading to an increased prevalence of genetic diseases. Therefore, Saudi Arabia has endeavored to reduce the frequency of genetic diseases by implementing the premarital screening program, which is mandatory and accessible for people planning to get married, and the genetic counseling program. Methods: In this study, we investigated the awareness and knowledge of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia, and we conducted a cross-sectional survey focusing on the level of awareness and knowledge of genetic diseases and available health care. Results: We found that the residents of the western region had good knowledge about genetic diseases, but 96.10% lacked the awareness of health services provided for this type of disease. Furthermore, 91.90% of them had a positive attitude toward genetic testing. Conclusion: The present study found that Saudi society had a good attitude toward genetic testing, such as prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Many of the study participants were not aware, where to access genetic tests for their families, and most considered health services for patients with genetic diseases to be rudimentary, thus pointing out a lack of awareness and knowledge toward health services.

Keywords:   Genetic diseases, awareness and knowledge, western region, Saudi Arabia, mutations, Genetic testing.


© Copyright: Author(s)

Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulmajeed Fahad Alrefaei
Department of Biology, Jamoum University College, Umm Al‐
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed B Ashoor
Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim S Alzahrani
Department of Biology, Jamoum University College, Umm Al‐
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Y Tarbiyyah
Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Muath Alrehily
Department of Biology, Jamoum University College, Umm Al‐
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Rayyan S Alharbi
Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Sameer H Qari
Department of Biology, Jamoum University College, Umm Al‐
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulmajeed Fahad Alrefaei, Department of Biology, Jamoum University College, Umm Al& 8208;Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; afrefaei@uqu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 28 Dec 2020
Revised 23 Jan 2021
Accepted 19 Apr 2021
Published online 09 May 2021
Published in print 28 Aug 2021

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Alrefaei AF, Ashoor AB, Alzahrani IS, Tarbiyyah IY, Alrehily M, Alharbi RS, Qari SH. Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. JBCGenetics. 2021; 4(2): 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


Web Style

Alrefaei AF, Ashoor AB, Alzahrani IS, Tarbiyyah IY, Alrehily M, Alharbi RS, Qari SH. Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. https://www.jbcgenetics.com//?mno=36982 [Access: December 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alrefaei AF, Ashoor AB, Alzahrani IS, Tarbiyyah IY, Alrehily M, Alharbi RS, Qari SH. Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. JBCGenetics. 2021; 4(2): 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alrefaei AF, Ashoor AB, Alzahrani IS, Tarbiyyah IY, Alrehily M, Alharbi RS, Qari SH. Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. JBCGenetics. (2021), [cited December 08, 2021]; 4(2): 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


Harvard Style

Alrefaei, A. F., Ashoor, . A. B., Alzahrani, . I. S., Tarbiyyah, . I. Y., Alrehily, . M., Alharbi, . R. S. & Qari, . S. H. (2021) Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. JBCGenetics, 4 (2), 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


Turabian Style

Alrefaei, Abdulmajeed Fahad, Ahmed B. Ashoor, Ibrahim S. Alzahrani, Ibrahim Y. Tarbiyyah, Muath Alrehily, Rayyan S. Alharbi, and Sameer H. Qari. 2021. Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics, 4 (2), 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


Chicago Style

Alrefaei, Abdulmajeed Fahad, Ahmed B. Ashoor, Ibrahim S. Alzahrani, Ibrahim Y. Tarbiyyah, Muath Alrehily, Rayyan S. Alharbi, and Sameer H. Qari. "Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia." Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics 4 (2021), 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alrefaei, Abdulmajeed Fahad, Ahmed B. Ashoor, Ibrahim S. Alzahrani, Ibrahim Y. Tarbiyyah, Muath Alrehily, Rayyan S. Alharbi, and Sameer H. Qari. "Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia." Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics 4.2 (2021), 85-92. Print. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alrefaei, A. F., Ashoor, . A. B., Alzahrani, . I. S., Tarbiyyah, . I. Y., Alrehily, . M., Alharbi, . R. S. & Qari, . S. H. (2021) Knowledge and awareness of genetic diseases among residents of the western region of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Biochemical and Clinical Genetics, 4 (2), 85-92. doi:10.24911/JBCGenetics/183-1609181653


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